Government initiatives are used on a national scale to encourage and incentivise catchment stakeholders to behave in an environmentally sensitive and beneficial manner.
Catchment Sensitive Farming
Catchment Sensitive Farming (CSF) is a partnership between Defra, Natural England and the Environment Agency (2007-2021) working across the catchment to reduce water pollution from agriculture. Currently in Phase four (2016-2021) CSF delivers practical solutions and targeted support, including capital grants, to enable farmers and land managers to take voluntary action to reduce diffuse water pollution from agriculture.
Advisers are currently employed in each of the Bure, Waveney, Wensum and Yare catchments to provide face-to-face and group advice. Examples of good practice found in the CSF case studies include controlling sediment run-off and mitigation measures in the Wensum catchment and managing slurry in the Waveney catchment. Please see the details for Catchment Sensitive Farming contacts.
Countryside Stewardship Scheme
The Countryside Stewardship Scheme was originally an agri-environment scheme run by the UK Government set up in 1991. In its original form it expired in 2014. It was relaunched for the Rural Development Programme England (RDPE) 2014-2020 with £3.1bn of government for agriculture and forestry, replacing the previous Environmental Stewardship scheme. There are 3 main elements to the scheme; Mid Tier, Higher Tier and Capital grants.
Countryside Stewardship (CS) provides financial incentives for land managers to look after their environment through activities such as:
- Conserving and restoring wildlife habitats
- Flood risk management
- Woodland creation and management
- Reducing widespread water pollution from agriculture
- Keeping the character of the countryside
- Preserving features important to the history of the rural landscape
- Encouraging educational access
The scheme is:
- Open to all eligible farmers, woodland owners, foresters and other land managers
- Suitable for many types of land use (for example conventional and organic farmland, coastal areas, uplands and woodlands)
- Scored against local priority targets to maximise environmental benefit